Characteristics of Traumatic Brain Injury

Brain X-RayNo matter the situation, a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be very serious. These types of injuries occur to both children and adults and there are a number of causes. They can be caused by auto accidents, trucking accidents, birth injuries, a slip and fall, and more. Unfortunately, these types of injuries can leave the victim requiring lifelong care. The severity of the brain injury varies and the symptoms involved can worsen with more complex TBIs.

Traumatic brain injuries are listed as either mild, moderate, or severe, with each one having different characteristics and affecting the victim in different ways. At Aldous \ Walker, we have the necessary experience to represent individuals and families of victims who have sustained a TBI as a result of someone’s negligence. Our Dallas brain injury attorneys explain the symptoms as well as how TBI is diagnosed.

Mild TBI

A mild TBI may be confused as a concussion because the symptoms are similar. While it is labeled a “mild” TBI, the family must still take proper care of the person as some symptoms can last nearly a year, sometimes longer. A mild TBI often results in memory loss, fatigue, depression, trouble sleeping, dizziness, headaches, and more. The injured individual may also experience seizures.

It is important to seek medical attention as the symptoms may not be immediately present in the injured individual. It is easy for some to miss this diagnosis. Family members may be the first to discover a change in attitude, which may signify a mild TBI.

Moderate TBI

A moderate TBI has similar symptoms to a mild TBI, but the severity of the symptoms may be worse. These include mood and personality changes, fatigue, nausea, memory loss, headaches, and dizziness. One other symptom may be an issue with concentration. These symptoms still aren’t as obvious as a severe TBI, but should be watched for carefully. The injured individual may look as though everything is normal, but the person may be feeling quite different from the way they usually do.

Severe TBI

When someone sustains a severe TBI, they often lose consciousness for over six hours. The symptoms are much worse and can last longer. These can include a persistent decreased level of consciousness affecting cognitive functioning, problems with eating, speech and language, sensory trouble, perceptual issues, and problems with senses such as hearing, vision, smell, and taste.

The injured individual may experience physical changes such as sleep issues, a change in appetite, physical paralysis, pain, and more. Seizures are also common for those who sustain a severe traumatic brain injury. Social and emotional damages are also common with depression, aggression, irritability, and dependency being symptoms.

Diagnosing Traumatic Brain Injuries

Depending on the accident that caused the TBI and other treatment options being performed, some testing may be limited. Diagnosing a traumatic brain injury often requires imaging such as CAT scans, PET scans, SPECT scans, and MRIs. Evaluation by a medical professional to test cognitive abilities can also be helpful. It may be beneficial to test physical abilities that would normally be affected by a TBI.

Some medical professionals use the Glasgow Coma Scale to diagnose a TBI. This 15-point scale gives points for how well a patient responds to certain tasks. This measures motor response, verbal response, and eye opening. The three categories—mild, moderate, and severe—are based on point ranges:

  • Mild – 13-15 Points
  • Moderate – 9-12 Points
  • Severe – 3-8 Points

Any patient who scores less than three points may be considered in a vegetative state.

If someone else’s negligence causes a traumatic brain injury, this may be grounds for legal action. Our firm stands with victims who have sustained a TBI in negligence-related accidents. You may be able to seek compensation to help cover medical costs, lifestyle changes, lost wages, and more. Call today and learn how we may be able to help you.